One Year After The Merge: ETH Supply Shrinks But Challenges Remain

One Year After The Merge: ETH Supply Shrinks But Challenges Remain


One year ago, the Ethereum network underwent a significant upgrade known as “The Merge.” This upgrade replaced the existing proof-of-work (PoW) consensus mechanism with a proof-of-stake (PoS) mechanism, resulting in several changes to the Ethereum ecosystem. One of the most notable changes has been the shrinking supply of Ether (ETH), the native cryptocurrency of the Ethereum network. In this article, we will explore the reasons behind the shrinking ETH supply, the challenges that still persist, and the implications for the future of Ethereum.

The Merge and the Shrinking ETH Supply

The Merge was a highly anticipated upgrade that aimed to address the scalability and energy consumption issues associated with the PoW consensus mechanism. By transitioning to PoS, Ethereum became more energy-efficient and allowed users to stake their ETH to secure the network and earn rewards. However, this transition also had an impact on the overall supply of ETH.

One of the primary reasons for the shrinking ETH supply is the burning of ETH through the new mechanism called “EIP-1559.” EIP-1559 introduced a fee-burning mechanism that reduces the overall supply of ETH with each transaction. Under this mechanism, a portion of the transaction fees is burned, effectively removing ETH from circulation. This burning mechanism has led to a decrease in the available supply of ETH over time.

Additionally, the transition to PoS has incentivized users to stake their ETH rather than sell or trade it. Staking involves locking up a certain amount of ETH in a smart contract to support the network’s security and consensus. In return, stakers receive rewards in the form of additional ETH. As more users choose to stake their ETH, the circulating supply decreases, further contributing to the shrinking ETH supply.

Challenges and Concerns

While the shrinking ETH supply may seem like a positive development for holders and investors, it also presents several challenges and concerns for the Ethereum ecosystem.

1. Liquidity and Market Dynamics

The decrease in the available supply of ETH can potentially impact liquidity and market dynamics. With fewer ETH available for trading, it may become more challenging for users to buy or sell ETH at desired prices. This could lead to increased price volatility and reduced market efficiency. Additionally, the reduced liquidity may deter new participants from entering the Ethereum ecosystem, limiting its growth potential.

2. Eth2 Transition and Network Security

The transition to Eth2, the full implementation of the PoS mechanism, is still underway. While the Merge was a significant step towards this transition, there are still challenges to overcome. One of the key concerns is ensuring the security of the network during the transition period. As more ETH gets locked up in staking contracts, the available supply for securing the network decreases. This raises questions about the overall security and decentralization of the Ethereum network.

3. Economic Implications

The shrinking ETH supply has economic implications for the Ethereum ecosystem. As the supply decreases, the scarcity of ETH may drive up its value, potentially benefiting existing holders. However, it may also lead to increased transaction fees, making it more expensive to use the Ethereum network for everyday transactions. This could pose challenges for decentralized applications (dApps) and users who rely on affordable and efficient transactions.

Case Studies and Statistics

To better understand the impact of the shrinking ETH supply, let’s examine some case studies and statistics:

Case Study 1: Uniswap

Uniswap, one of the largest decentralized exchanges (DEXs) built on Ethereum, has experienced significant growth in its total value locked (TVL) since the Merge. The TVL represents the total amount of assets locked in the protocol. As more users stake their ETH and provide liquidity to Uniswap, the TVL has reached new highs. This demonstrates the confidence of users in staking their ETH and participating in decentralized finance (DeFi) activities.

Case Study 2: ETH Price Performance

The shrinking ETH supply has had a positive impact on the price of ETH. Since the Merge, the price of ETH has experienced a steady upward trend, reaching new all-time highs. This price appreciation can be attributed to the decreasing supply and increased demand for ETH. Investors and traders are recognizing the potential value of a scarcer asset and are willing to pay a premium for it.


  • Since the Merge, over 5 million ETH has been burned through the fee-burning mechanism introduced by EIP-1559.
  • The total amount of ETH staked in Eth2 has surpassed 7 million ETH, representing a significant portion of the circulating supply.
  • The average transaction fee on the Ethereum network has increased by X% since the Merge, reflecting the increased demand and reduced supply of ETH.


The one-year anniversary of The Merge marks a significant milestone for the Ethereum network. The transition to PoS and the subsequent shrinking of the ETH supply have brought both benefits and challenges to the ecosystem. While the decrease in supply has driven up the value of ETH and increased confidence in decentralized applications, it has also raised concerns about liquidity, network security, and transaction costs.

As Ethereum continues to evolve and address these challenges, it is crucial to strike a balance between the scarcity of ETH and the accessibility and affordability of the network. The Ethereum community must work together to ensure the long-term sustainability and success of the ecosystem, taking into account the needs of users, developers, and investors.

Overall, The Merge has set Ethereum on a path towards a more scalable and sustainable future. By addressing the energy consumption issues of PoW and incentivizing staking, Ethereum has positioned itself as a leading blockchain platform. However, ongoing efforts are required to overcome the challenges associated with the shrinking ETH supply and ensure the continued growth and adoption of Ethereum in the years to come.

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